Opposing a domestic violence restraining order in California

Opposing a domestic violence restraining order in California.
Opposing a domestic violence restraining order in California.

Opposing a domestic violence restraining order in California is the topic of this blog post.

Opposing a domestic violence restraining order in California is extremely important as the length of a permanent domestic violence restraining order in California is generally three (3) years and in some cases even longer. The serious consequences that can result from having a domestic violence restraining order entered against you include the fact that any person that violates a restraining order, or even is alleged to have violated a restraining order is subject to arrest.

The negative consequences that result from having a restraining order entered against you include limiting or even temporarily eliminating your rights under the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution to own or possess any guns, firearms or even ammunition.  It can also negatively impact your employment and sometimes your reputation in the community as well.

Opposing a domestic violence restraining order in California can be difficult if all that you have is the word of the victim against your own word where there are no pictures or witnesses to support your side of the story. Proper preparation can enable you to properly challenge the issuance of a restraining order and possibly convince the court that one is not necessary. Because of the various serious consequences of a restraining order you should consult an experienced attorney who has knowledge with these types of legal issues if you can afford it.

The first essential preparation for any defense will be to study the law in order to understand the elements required for the particular type of restraining order that is being sought. For instance, in the State of California there are several different types of restraining orders such as civil harassment, domestic violence restraining orders, restraining orders involving elder abuse, workplace violence, emergency protective orders, and criminal protective orders. Researching the law regarding the particular type of restraining order that is being sought will allow you to determine who has the authority to issue them, the burden of proof required in order to obtain the restraining order, the duration of the restraining order, and most important of all, what elements are required in order to obtain them.

The second essential preparation for an effective defense is to carefully review the allegations made in order to determine if those allegations do or do not apply to each element required for the particular order of protection being requested.

One common example would be the issuance of a temporary restraining order in California based on an allegation of domestic violence. In that case the burden of proof is very low; a reasonableness of abuse or possible abuse will be enough.

This burden of proof will entitle the protected party to a temporary restraining order that will last only until an evidentiary hearing can be held to determine if a longer protective order such as a permanent order should be issued. In order to obtain a restraining order with a longer duration requires a higher burden of proof known as a finding of a preponderance of the evidence. A preponderance of the evidence means that the party that has the most evidence supporting their position will prevail. Many judges would agree that where it can be shown “it is more likely than not” that the elements necessitating a restraining order are met, that a restraining order must be issued by law.

In order to obtain any long-term restraining order based on domestic violence the protected party will need to show both a relationship and abuse. The elements of abuse for domestic violence are detailed in California Family Law Code § 6300 et seq.

The third essential preparation for an effective defense is for the defending party or their attorney to persuade the court that the allegations asserted by the other party do not fit the definition of abuse. Frequently, individuals who are not prepared properly for this type of hearing almost immediately make damaging admissions that necessitate a restraining order be issued, even if the admitted activity was in fact innocent.

In some cases a declaration will be filed by the protected party that is exaggerated or consists mostly of vague generalizations with no specific facts provided. In these situations a good argument can be made that the other party has failed to provide any specific details of circumstances and is therefore not credible because of the lack of details. For instance if the declaration alleges that the petitioner has been harassed numerous times a defense strategy would be to request that the petitioner identify each and every instance of harassment and whether the communication was not proper meaning a communication that served no legitimate interest. The burden of proof is on the petitioner requesting the restraining order to prove each and every element required under the law. The duty of the defending party is to attack the credibility of the petitioner.

If you do not have the money for an attorney but still want to file a response so that you can give your side of the story to the Court you can download Judicial Council Form DV120-Response to Request for Domestic Violence Restraining Order by clicking the link below.

http://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/dv120.pdf

Sample legal template for opposing a domestic violence restraining order in California for sale.

Attorneys or parties who would like to view a portion of a sample points and authorities in support of a response opposing a domestic violence restraining order in California containing brief instructions, a memorandum of points and authorities with citations to case law and statutory authority and sample declaration sold by the author can see below.

 

Over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation for sale.

To view more information on over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation visit: https://legaldocspro.myshopify.com/products

The author of this blog post, Stan Burman, is an entrepreneur and retired litigation paralegal that worked in California and Federal litigation from January 1995 through September 2017 and has created over 300 sample legal documents for sale. He believes in Father’s Rights as he has seen first-hand the incredible bias against fathers in the family law courts in California. He is currently working on creating digital products that will assist fathers both in California and throughout the United States to represent themselves without an attorney in Court regarding custody and support issues.

Follow Fathers rights on Twitter at:

https://twitter.com/Fathersrights16

Follow Fathers rights on Facebook at:

https://www.facebook.com/Fathersrights10/

DISCLAIMER:

Please note that the author of this blog post, Stan Burman is NOT an attorney and as such is unable to provide any specific legal advice. The author is NOT engaged in providing any legal, financial, or other professional services, and any information contained in this blog post is NOT intended to constitute legal advice.

The materials and information contained in this blog post have been prepared by Stan Burman for informational purposes only and are not legal advice. Transmission of the information contained in this blog post is not intended to create, and receipt does not constitute, any business relationship between the author and any readers. Readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.

 

 

 

 

 

Opposing temporary spousal support in California.

Opposing temporary spousal support in California
Opposing temporary spousal support in California.

Opposing temporary spousal support in California is the topic of this blog post.

The deadline to file and serve documents opposing temporary spousal support in California is at least nine (9) Court days before the hearing unless the court has ordered otherwise and the opposition should be served by personal service, overnight mail or a courier service that provides overnight delivery pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure section 1005.

Any party served with a request for order for temporary spousal support in California should first carefully review the motion and supporting documents to determine if the moving party has met their burden of showing both their need for temporary spousal support, and your ability to pay.

Common grounds for opposing temporary spousal support in California are that,

(1) the party requesting temporary spousal support has the ability and the opportunity to work but instead keeps quitting their jobs and refuses to work, instead expecting the other party to support them, and

(2) the party requesting temporary spousal support has failed to meet their burden of showing a need for temporary spousal support, and the ability of the other party to pay.

The first condition that must be shown before temporary spousal support can be ordered is a need for spousal support.

A California Court of Appeal has stated in a published decision that an award of temporary spousal support is usually based on a showing of two conditions: the moving party’s needs, and the other party’s ability to pay.

Another California Court of Appeal has stated in a published decision that a trial court can consider earning capacity in determining spousal support.

The California Supreme Court has stated that earning capacity is defined as the income the spouse is reasonably capable of earning based upon the spouse’s age, health, education, marketable skills, employment history, and the availability of employment opportunities.

Sample opposition for opposing temporary spousal support in California for sale.

Attorneys or parties in California that would like to view a portion of a sample 12 page opposition for opposing a request for temporary spousal support in California containing brief instructions, a memorandum of points and authorities with citations to case law and statutory authority, sample declaration and proof of service sold by the author can see below.

 

Over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation for sale.

To view more information on over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation visit: https://legaldocspro.myshopify.com/products

The author of this blog post, Stan Burman, is an entrepreneur and retired litigation paralegal that worked in California and Federal litigation from January 1995 through September 2017 and has created over 300 sample legal documents for sale. He believes in Father’s Rights as he has seen first-hand the incredible bias against fathers in the family law courts in California. He is currently working on creating digital products that will assist fathers both in California and throughout the United States to represent themselves without an attorney in Court regarding custody and support issues.

Follow Fathers rights on Twitter at:

https://twitter.com/Fathersrights16

Follow Fathers rights on Facebook at:

https://www.facebook.com/Fathersrights10/

DISCLAIMER:

Please note that the author of this blog post, Stan Burman is NOT an attorney and as such is unable to provide any specific legal advice. The author is NOT engaged in providing any legal, financial, or other professional services, and any information contained in this blog post is NOT intended to constitute legal advice.

The materials and information contained in this blog post have been prepared by Stan Burman for informational purposes only and are not legal advice. Transmission of the information contained in this blog post is not intended to create, and receipt does not constitute, any business relationship between the author and any readers. Readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opposing an OSC for contempt in a California divorce

Opposing an OSC for contempt in a California divorce
Opposing an OSC for contempt in a California divorce.

Opposing an OSC for contempt in a California divorce is the topic of this blog post.

Opposing an OSC for contempt in a California divorce is very important and any opposition to an OSC for contempt in California family law should be filed and served at least nine (9) Court days before the hearing pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure section 1005 unless the Court has ordered otherwise.

If you have been served with an order to show cause for contempt in California the first thing you should do is to carefully review the order to show cause and supporting affidavit to determine what grounds for opposition exist.

Grounds for Opposing an OSC for contempt in a California divorce.

Possible grounds for opposing an OSC for contempt in a California divorce would include situations where the alleged child support arrearages first became due more than three (3) years ago. Therefore any child support amounts that are alleged to be owed that became due more than three (3) years ago are barred by the statute of limitations found in Code of Civil Procedure § 1218.5(b) which states in pertinent part that,

“If the contempt alleged is the failure to pay child, family, or spousal support, the period of limitations for commencing a contempt action is three years from the date that the payment was due”.

And if you were truly unable to pay the child support or comply with another Court order and can prove that by a preponderance of the evidence you should not be held in contempt.

Other possible grounds could include a case where the other party is alleging that you violated a Court order other than an order to pay support. In that case any alleged violations that occurred more than two (2) years ago are barred by the statute of limitations found in Code of Civil Procedure § 1218.5(b) which states in pertinent part that,

“A contempt action to enforce any other order made under the Family Code must be brought within two years “from the time that the alleged contempt occurred.”

You may also be entitled to what are known as “Jackson credits” towards any alleged child support arrearages for the period of time that the minor child or children physically resided with you as you are considered to have directly discharged your support obligation to the minor children.

Your opposition should contain a declaration stating the facts that support your affirmative defenses including any exhibits that support your affirmative defenses.

Remember that the party that filed the order to show cause for contempt must prove to the Court that you are guilty of contempt beyond a reasonable doubt. However you are only required to prove your affirmative defenses by a preponderance of the evidence in order to prevail in Court.

Sample opposition for opposing an OSC for contempt in a California divorce for sale.

Attorneys or parties in California that would like to view a portion of an 11 page sample opposition to an order to show cause for contempt in a California divorce containing brief instructions, a memorandum of points and authorities with citations to case law and statutory authority, sample declaration and proof of service can see below.

 

Over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation for sale.

To view more information on over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation visit: https://legaldocspro.myshopify.com/products

The author of this blog post, Stan Burman, is an entrepreneur and retired litigation paralegal that worked in California and Federal litigation from January 1995 through September 2017 and has created over 300 sample legal documents for sale. He believes in Father’s Rights as he has seen first-hand the incredible bias against fathers in the family law courts in California. He is currently working on creating digital products that will assist fathers both in California and throughout the United States to represent themselves without an attorney in Court regarding custody and support issues.

Follow Fathers rights on Twitter at:

https://twitter.com/Fathersrights16

Follow Fathers Rights on Facebook at:

https://www.facebook.com/Fathersrights10/

DISCLAIMER:

Please note that the author of this blog post, Stan Burman is NOT an attorney and as such is unable to provide any specific legal advice. The author is NOT engaged in providing any legal, financial, or other professional services, and any information contained in this blog post is NOT intended to constitute legal advice.

The materials and information contained in this blog post have been prepared by Stan Burman for informational purposes only and are not legal advice. Transmission of the information contained in this blog post is not intended to create, and receipt does not constitute, any business relationship between the author and any readers. Readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Child custody definitions in California

Child custody definitions in California.
Child custody definitions in California.

Child custody definitions in California are the topic of this blog post.

This blog post will provide basic information on child custody definitions in California.

Joint Legal Custody:

Joint legal custody means that both parents have the authority to make important decisions regarding the child’s health, education, welfare, religion, driver’s license, etc. In some cases a judge will give parents joint legal custody, but not joint physical custody.

Joint legal custody means both parents share the responsibility in making important decisions in their child’s lives, but live with one parent most of the time. In most situations, the parent that does not have physical custody has visitation with the children.

Parents with legal custody have the right to make decisions regarding:

Parents with legal custody have the right to make decisions regarding:

School or childcare

Religious activities or institutions

Psychiatric, psychological, or other mental health counseling or therapy needs

Doctor, dentist, orthodontist, or other health professional (except in emergency situations)

Sports, summer camp, vacation, or extracurricular activities

Travel

Where to live

Joint Physical Custody:

Joint physical custody means that each parent has significant periods of physical custody, although parents can share joint custody even if the timeshares are unequal. For example, one parent may alternate a weekend schedule and the other parent has the child the rest of the time.

Legal Custody:

Legal custody means that the parent that has legal custody has decision-making authority for issues with health, education, and welfare of a child. When both parents share this responsibility it is referred to as “Joint Legal Custody.”  When only one parent has this responsibility, it is referred to as “Sole Legal Custody.”

Physical Custody:

Physical custody means that the parent or parents have the physical responsibility for the care of the child. Physical custody can be joint physical custody or sole physical custody.

Primary Physical Custody:

Some attorneys avoid the use of either “sole custody” or “joint custody” and use the term “primary physical custody” to designate the parent who has day-to day care of the child.

However I want to stress that the child custody laws in California do NOT recognize the term “primary physical custody” as the California Supreme Court has stated that the term “`primary physical custody'” is not found in the Family Code, which instead distinguishes between “`[j]oint physical custody'” (§ 3004) and “`[s]ole physical custody'” (§ 3007). See In re Marriage of LaMusga (2004) 32 Cal.4th 1072, 1081, fn. 1; see also In re Marriage of Richardson (2002) 102 Cal.App.4th 941, 945, fn. 2 (“Though frequently employed, the term `primary physical custody’ has no legal meaning.”.)

Using the term primary physical custody in any marital settlement agreement, or stipulated judgment or order can have negative consequences under certain circumstances such as move-away cases where one parent wants to move with the minor children to another city or state.

Sole Legal Custody:

Sole legal custody means that one parent is able to make all decisions regarding the child’s health, education, welfare, religion, driver’s license, etc.

Sole Physical Custody:

Sole physical custody means that one parent will have the physical custody of the child the great majority of the time, as well as responsibility for day-to-day care of the child.

Visitation:

If one parent has physical custody, the other parent is referred to as having visitation with the child.

Sample stipulation and order for child custody and visitation in California.

Attorneys or parties in California that would like to view a portion of a sample stipulation and order for child custody and visitation in California created by the author can see below.

 

Over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation for sale.

To view more information on over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation visit: https://legaldocspro.myshopify.com/products

The author of this blog post, Stan Burman, is an entrepreneur and retired litigation paralegal that worked in California and Federal litigation from January 1995 through September 2017 and has created over 300 sample legal documents for sale. He believes in Father’s Rights as he has seen first-hand the incredible bias against fathers in the family law courts in California. He is currently working on creating digital products that will assist fathers both in California and throughout the United States to represent themselves without an attorney in Court regarding custody and support issues.

Follow Fathers rights on Twitter at:

https://twitter.com/Fathersrights16

Follow Fathers rights on Facebook at:

https://www.facebook.com/Fathersrights10/

DISCLAIMER:

Please note that the author of this blog post, Stan Burman is NOT an attorney and as such is unable to provide any specific legal advice. The author is NOT engaged in providing any legal, financial, or other professional services, and any information contained in this blog post is NOT intended to constitute legal advice.

The materials and information contained in this blog post have been prepared by Stan Burman for informational purposes only and are not legal advice. Transmission of the information contained in this blog post is not intended to create, and receipt does not constitute, any business relationship between the author and any readers. Readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reducing child support payments in California

Reducing child support payments in California
Reducing child support payments in California.

Reducing child support payments in California is the topic of this blog post.

Any request for an order reducing child support payments in California requires that a request for order or notice of motion be filed and served unless a stipulation and order reducing child support payments in California is signed by both parties and filed with the Court.

Statutory authority for reducing child support payments in California.

The statutory authority for reducing child support payments in California is found in California Family Code section 3651(a) which states that

“A support order may be modified at any time as the Court determines to be necessary.”

Grounds for reducing child support payments in California.

The general rule in California is that a material change of circumstances must be shown before child support can be modified either upward or downward.

California law states that both parents of a minor child are equally responsible to support the minor child in California.  “The father and mother of a minor child have an equal responsibility to support their child in the manner suitable to the child’s circumstances.” See Family Code § 3900.  This rule applies to both original orders for child support and modifications.

The California Courts of Appeal have stated in published decisions that that an order reducing child support payments in California can issue in cases where there is an increase in the amount of time the child spends in the obligor parent’s custody such as increased visitation. This is allowable under the theory that all or part of the day-to-day needs of the minor child are being discharged directly by the obligor parent.

Both case and statutory law in California state that the parents’ actual earnings are not necessarily controlling on the question of ability to pay.  “The court may, in its discretion, consider the earning capacity of a parent in lieu of the parents’ income, consistent with the best interests of the children.”  Family Code § 4058(b).

Thus in appropriate situations a California Court can consider the earning capacity of a parent instead of that parent’s actual income.  Appropriate cases would be where the other parent is capable of working despite claiming to be unemployed or underemployed but refuses to work, or the income of the other parent has increased substantially since the date of the last support order.  A deliberate attempt to avoid child support obligations is not required.

And the California Courts of Appeal and the California Supreme Court have held that the only restriction imposed by the California child support statutes is that consideration of earning capacity be consistent with the best interests of the minor child.

In one case decided by a California Court of Appeal the Court of Appeal found no abuse of discretion in refusing to change the monthly income figure of the wife to zero where the facts in the case clearly showed that she quit work upon remarrying but she presented no evidence of any inability to find replacement employment or that her loss of income was otherwise justifiable under the facts in that case.

In another California Court of Appeal case the Court found that the husband had the opportunity to work and imputed income to him on the grounds that he was an attorney who could apply his skills and training to produce income.

If you are considering requesting an order reducing child support payments in California you should be sure to include enough facts and evidence to show a material change of circumstances since the date of the last child support order.

Sample points and authorities to request an order reducing child support payments in California for sale.

Attorneys or parties in California who would like to view a portion of a sample points and authorities in support of a request for an order reducing child support payments in California that is sold by the author can see below.

 

Over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation for sale.

To view more information on over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation visit: https://legaldocspro.myshopify.com/products

The author of this blog post, Stan Burman, is an entrepreneur and retired litigation paralegal that worked in California and Federal litigation from January 1995 through September 2017 and has created over 300 sample legal documents for sale. He believes in Father’s Rights as he has seen first-hand the incredible bias against fathers in the family law courts in California. He is currently working on creating digital products that will assist fathers both in California and throughout the United States to represent themselves without an attorney in Court regarding custody and support issues.

Follow Fathers rights on Twitter at:

https://twitter.com/Fathersrights16

Follow Fathers rights on Facebook at:

https://www.facebook.com/Fathersrights10/

https://plus.google.com/+Fathersrights

DISCLAIMER:

Please note that the author of this blog post, Stan Burman is NOT an attorney and as such is unable to provide any specific legal advice. The author is NOT engaged in providing any legal, financial, or other professional services, and any information contained in this blog post is NOT intended to constitute legal advice.

The materials and information contained in this blog post have been prepared by Stan Burman for informational purposes only and are not legal advice. Transmission of the information contained in this blog post is not intended to create, and receipt does not constitute, any business relationship between the author and any readers. Readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Reality of Paternity Fraud — Fighting Against Paternity Fraud

Man in Great Britain wins a $250,000 pound settlement for paternity fraud.

How Entertaining is Paternity Fraud? Far too often we find entertainment in the suffering of others, without so much as a thought to how the lives of those involved are effected. Paternity Fraud, the act of misleading a man and a child in to believing they are connected through a biological (genetic) bond, is one […]

via The Reality of Paternity Fraud — Fighting Against Paternity Fraud

Great blog post discussing paternity fraud. The laws need to be changed to allow men to either challenge a finding of paternity or revoke any declaration of paternity within three (3) years of discovering evidence that they have been the victim of paternity fraud.

What if the Shoe Were on The Other Foot?

The laws need to be changed to allow for lawsuits to be filed for damages resulting from paternity fraud, including damages for pain and suffering and punitive damages in appropriate cases where the evidence is clear that the paternity fraud was intentional.

Fighting Against Paternity Fraud

There is no scenario that can be concocted which can completely capture a full comparison of Paternity Fraud.  It is a matter of reality, that a man, no matter how hard he may try, cannot easily convince a woman that she is the mother of a child, which was in reality mothered by another woman.  Let’s face it, barring a coma, women are quite well aware of giving birth to a child.  Women are quite well aware of conceiving a child, they know they are pregnant, and they experience child birth.  Men on the other hand, well, they are left to trust the fact that they are in a relationship that has a reasonable expectation of trust, honesty, and commitment that will overpower any level of doubt as to whether they fathered the child their female partner is attributing his fatherhood to.

With that being said, the scenario to be…

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